PL EN
PRACA ORYGINALNA
Udział kobiet w rynku pracy w Arabii Saudyjskiej i jego determinanty
 
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Ukryj
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Finance and Banking Department, Dar Al Uloom University, Saudi Arabia
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Mary Oluwatoyin Agboola   

College of Business, Finance and Banking Department, Dar Al Uloom University, Saudi Arabia
Data nadesłania: 07-10-2020
Data ostatniej rewizji: 06-01-2021
Data akceptacji: 16-01-2021
Data publikacji: 31-03-2021
 
GNPJE 2021;305(1):135–152
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
KODY KLASYFIKACJI JEL
J21
O11
 
STRESZCZENIE
W programie Wizja 2030 przyjętym w Arabii Saudyjskiej udział kobiet w rynku pracy uznano za ważny element wzrostu gospodarczego. Niniejsze badanie miało na celu określenie związku między udziałem kobiet wśród pracujących, udziałem kobiet wśród przyjętych na studia, oczekiwaną długością życia kobiet oraz dochodem na mieszkańca mierzonym kwartalnie w latach 1991–2017. W badaniu zastosowano tradycyjne testy pierwiastka jednostkowego Dickeya-Fullera (ADF), Phillipsa-Perrona (PP) oraz Kwiatkowskiego-Phillipsa-Schmidta-Shina (KPSS) uzupełnione testem pierwiastka jednostkowego Zivota i Andrewsa (ZA). Ponadto, przeprowadzono test kointegracji Bayera i Hancka (2013) oraz testy ograniczeń zgodnie z modelem autoregresyjnych rozkładów opóźnień ARDL Pesarana. Za pomocą testu Toda-Yamamoto zbadano przepływ przyczynowości między zmiennymi. Wynik wskazuje, że wszystkie zmienne niezależne wykazują dodatni, znaczący związek z udziałem kobiet wśród pracujących w Arabii Saudyjskiej. Sformułowano zalecenie w kwestii polityki: wyższy udział kobiet w rynku pracy można osiągnąć poprzez inwestowanie w edukację kobiet, sektor zdrowia oraz stymulowanie wzrostu gospodarczego.
 
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