PRACA ORYGINALNA
Świadczenia pieniężne na rzecz dzieci a podaż pracy kobiet w krajach OECD
 
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Instytut Nauk Ekonomicznych PAN, Polska
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Krzysztof Bartosik   

Instytut Nauk Ekonomicznych PAN, ul. Nowy Świat 72, 00-330 Warszawa, Warszawa, Polska
Data nadesłania: 23-12-2019
Data ostatniej rewizji: 16-03-2020
Data akceptacji: 16-07-2020
Data publikacji: 30-09-2020
 
GNPJE 2020;303(3):83–110
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
KODY KLASYFIKACJI JEL
STRESZCZENIE ARTYKUŁU
Celem artykułu jest zbadanie związku między wielkością świadczeń pieniężnych, realizowanych w ramach polityki rodzinnej, a podażą pracy (aktywnością zawodową) kobiet w państwach OECD. Analiza obejmuje lata 2000–2015 i grupę 30 krajów. Uzyskane za pomocą modeli panelowych wyniki wskazują, że oddziaływanie świadczeń pieniężnych na aktywność zawodową kobiet zależy do wysokości świadczeń i wieku kobiet. Relatywnie wysokie świadczenia (powyżej średniej grupy) ograniczają aktywność zawodową kobiet w wieku 25–34 lata, zaś relatywnie niskie (poniżej średniej grupy) sprzyjają jej. Analiza wskazuje również, że aktywności zawodowej kobiet w tym przedziale wiekowym sprzyjają nakłady na usługi na rzecz rodziny i dzieci oraz płatne urlopy macierzyńskie i wychowawcze.
 
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