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PRACA ORYGINALNA
Rozkład wielkości firm w Polsce - czy ma zastosowanie prawo potęgowe?
 
Więcej
Ukryj
1
Department of Macroeconomics, Institute of Economics, University of Lodz, Poland
2
Department of International Trade, Institute of Economics, University of Lodz, Poland
AUTOR DO KORESPONDENCJI
Piotr Gabrielczak   

Department of Macroeconomics, Institute of Economics, University of Lodz, Poland
Data nadesłania: 23-08-2020
Data ostatniej rewizji: 13-02-2021
Data akceptacji: 18-03-2021
Data publikacji: 29-06-2021
 
GNPJE 2021;306(2):31–49
 
SŁOWA KLUCZOWE
KODY KLASYFIKACJI JEL
STRESZCZENIE
Artykuł koncentruje się na istnieniu praw potęgowych w rozkładzie wielkości firm w Polsce. Przetestowano empirycznie, czy rozkład wielkości firm w Polsce ma cechy prawa Zipfa – szczególnego przypadku prawa potęgowego obserwowanego w wielu różnych kontekstach w literaturze ekonomicznej. W analizie wykorzystano dane z roku 2019, dotyczące 2000 największych przedsiębiorstw w Polsce, notowanych na Liście 2000 „Rzeczpospolitej”. Dokonano przeglądu teoretycznych mechanizmów generujących prawa potęgowe, a w analizie empirycznej zastosowano kilka estymatorów wykładnika potęgi. Uzyskane przez nas wyniki potwierdzają istotne statystycznie odchylenia od prawa Zipfa w przypadku rozkładu wielkości firm w Polsce. Znaleźliśmy dowody na to, że prawo potęgowe nie jest w stanie w zadowalający sposób aproksymować rozkładu firm opartego na sprzedaży.
 
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