PL EN
RESEARCH PAPER
Using Modern Technology to Counteract Corruption: Analysis of the Efficacy of e-Government Solutions
 
More details
Hide details
1
Wydział Nauk Ekonomicznych, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polska
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Stanisław Cichocki   

Wydział Nauk Ekonomicznych, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polska
Submission date: 2020-09-20
Final revision date: 2021-01-27
Acceptance date: 2021-06-16
Publication date: 2021-09-30
 
GNPJE 2021;307(3):97–124
 
KEYWORDS
JEL CLASSIFICATION CODES
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we focus on corruption and on methods for counteracting it. Our aim is to investigate whether the use of information technology, especially the internet, in public administration contributes to reducing the perception of corruption in a given country. Based on existing research reports, we identify the political, economic and cultural determinants of corruption. In order to verify our hypothesis about the impact of the development of public services provided online on the level of perceived corruption, we use panel data for 129 countries for the 2008–2019 period. Our results confirm the effectiveness of e-government as a tool for counteracting corruption. We also highlight the limitations of the development of electronic services in public administration. These are mainly due to educational and infrastructural barriers, but also on account of freshly growing demand for such services.
 
REFERENCES (56)
1.
Ades A., Di Tella R. [1999], Rents, Competition, and Corruption, The American Economic Review, 89 (4): 982–993.
 
2.
Andersen T. B. [2009], E-Government as an anti-corruption strategy, Information Economics and Policy, 21 (3): 201–210.
 
3.
Andersen T. B., Rand J. [2006]. Does E-Government Reduce Corruption?, Department of Economics, University of Copenhagen’s Working Paper: 1–8.
 
4.
Ashayea O. R., Irani Z. [2019], The role of stakeholders in the effective use of e-government resources in public services, International Journal of Information Management, 49: 253–270.
 
5.
Basyal D. K., Poudyal N., Seo J. W. [2018], Does E-government reduce corruption? Evidence from a heterogeneous panel data model, Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 12 (2): 134–154.
 
6.
Ben Ali M. S., Gasmi A. [2017], Does ICT diffusion matter for corruption? An Economic Development Perspective, Telematics and Informatics, 34 (8): 1445–1453.
 
7.
Bertot J., Jaeger P. T., Grimmes J. M. [2010], Using ICTs to create a culture of transparency: E-government and social media as openness and anti-corruption tools for societies, Government Information Quarterly, 27 (3): 264–271.
 
8.
DiPietro W. R. [2002/2003], National Corruption and the Size of the Public Sector, Briefing Notes in Economics, 55: 1–9.
 
9.
Elbahnasawy N. G. [2014], E-Government, Internet Adoption, and Corruption: An Empirical Investigation, World Development, 57: 114–126.
 
10.
Goczek Ł. [2007], Przyczyny korupcji i skuteczność strategii antykorupcyjnych, Gospodarka Narodowa, 215 (4): 33–48.
 
11.
Goel R. K., Nelson M. A. [1998], Corruption and Government Size: A Disaggregated Analysis, Public Choice, 97: 107–120.
 
12.
Goel R. K., Nelson M. A. [2008], Causes of corruption: History, geography and government, Institute for Economies in Transition, Bank of Finland, Discussion Paper, 6: 1–31.
 
13.
Goel R., Nelson M., Naretta M. [2012], The internet as an indicator of corruption awareness, European Journal of Political Economy, 28: 64–75.
 
14.
Gupta S., Davoodi H., Alonso-Terme R. [2002], Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty?, Economics of Governance, 3 (1): 23–45.
 
15.
Guriev S., Melnikov N., Zhuravskaya E. [2019], 3G internet and confidence in government, EBRD, Working Paper, 233: 1–46.
 
16.
Habib M., Zurawicki L. [2002], Corruption and Foreign Direct Investment, Journal of International Business Studies, 33 (2): 291–307.
 
17.
Haldenwang C. [2004], Electronic Government (E-Government) and Development, The European Journal of Development Research, 16 (2): 417–432.
 
18.
Heeks R. [1998], Information technology and public sector corruption, Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, Working Paper, 4. 1–13.
 
19.
Ingrams A., Manoharan A., Schmidthuber L., Holzer M. [2020], Stages and Determinants of E Government Development: A Twelve-Year Longitudinal Study of Global Cities, International Public Management Journal, 23 (6): 731–769.
 
20.
ITU [2018], Measuring the Information Society, ITU Publications, 1.
 
21.
Jain A. K. [2001], Corruption A Review, Journal of Economic Surveys, 15 (1): 71–21.
 
22.
Jiméneza J. L., Albalateb D. [2018], Transparency and local government corruption: What does lack of transparency hide?, European Journal of Government and Economics, 7 (2): 106–122.
 
23.
Kaufmann D., Kraay A., Mastruzzi M. [2010], The Worldwide Governance Indicators: A Summary of Methodology, Data and Analytical Issues, World Bank Policy Research, Working Paper, 5430: 1–29.
 
24.
Khan M. H. [2006], Governance and Anti-Corruption Reforms in Developing Countries: Policies, Evidence and Ways Forward, G-24, Discussion Paper, 42: 1–23.
 
25.
Klitgaard R., [2017], Corruption Across Countries and Cultures, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Research Paper, 17–23.
 
26.
Krishnan S., Teo T. S. H., Lim V. K. G. [2013], Examining the relationships among e-government maturity, corruption, economic prosperity and environmental degradation: A cross-country analysis, Information & Management, 50 (8): 638–649.
 
27.
La Porta R., Lopez-de-Silanes F., Shleifer A., Vishny R. W. [1999], The quality of government, Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, 15 (1): 222–279.
 
28.
Lambsdorff J. G. [2006], Measuring Corruption – The validity and precision of subjective indicators, Measuring Corruption, C. Sampford et al. (eds.), Ashgate Publishing, Aldershot: 81–100.
 
29.
Lio M., Liu M., Ou Y. [2011], Can the internet reduce corruption? A cross-country study based on dynamic panel data models, Government Information Quarterly, 28: 47–53.
 
30.
Luterek M. [2010], e-government Systemy informacji publicznej, Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne, Warszawa.
 
31.
Lupu, D., Lazar, C. G., 2015. Influence of e-government on the Level of Corruption in some EU and Non-EU States, Procedia Economics and Finance 20: 365–371.
 
32.
Lyrio M. V. L., Lunkes R. J., Taliani E. T. C. [2018], Thirty Years of Studies on Transparency, Accountability, and Corruption in the Public Sector, The State of the Art and Opportunities for Future Research, Public Integrity.
 
33.
Ma L., Zheng Y. [2018], Does e-government performance actually boost citizen use? Evidence from European countries, Public Management Review, 20 (10): 1513–1532.
 
34.
Máchová R., Volejníková J., Lněnička M. [2018], Impact of E-government Development on the Level of Corruption: Measuring the Effects of Related Indices in Time and Dimensions, Review of Economic Perspectives, 18: 99–121.
 
35.
Mauro P. [1995], Corruption and growth, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110 (3): 681–712.
 
36.
Mistry J. J., Jalal A. [2012], An empirical analysis of the relationship between e-government and corruption, The International Journal of Digital Accounting Research, 12 (18): 145–176.
 
37.
Mocan N. [2008], What determines corruption? Economic evidence from microdata, Economic Inquiry, 46 (4): 493–510.
 
38.
Mouna A., Nedra B., Khaireddine M. [2020], International comparative evidence of e-government success and economic growth: technology adoption as an anti-corruption tool, Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, przed drukiem.
 
39.
Nam T. [2018], Examining the anti-corruption effect of e-government and the moderating effect of national culture: A cross-country study, Government Information Quarterly, 35 (2): 273–282.
 
40.
Ojha A., Palvia S., Gupta M. P. [2008], A Model for Impact of E-Government on Corruption: Exploring Theoretical Foundations, www.researchgate.net (dostęp: 18.09.2020).
 
41.
Olken B. A. [2009], Corruption perceptions vs. corruption reality, Journal of Public Economics, 93 (7–8): 950–964.
 
42.
Park C. H., Kim K. [2019], E-government as an anti-corruption tool: panel data analysis across countries, International Review of Administrative Sciences.
 
43.
Pope J. [2000], Rzetelność życia publicznego, podręcznik procedur antykorupcyjnych, Transparency International Polska, Warszawa.
 
44.
Rose-Ackerman S. [1999], Corruption and Government: Causes, Consequences, and Reform, Cambridge University Press, New York.
 
45.
Schumacher I. [2013], Political stability, corruption and trust in politicians, Economic Modelling, 31: 359–369.
 
46.
Starke C., Naab T., Scherer H. [2016], Free to Expose Corruption: The Impact of Media Freedom, Internet Access, and Governmental Online Service Delivery on Corruption, International Journal of Communication, 10: 4702–4722.
 
47.
Steinbock D. [2018], What Transparency International’s corruption index doesn’t see, www.scmp.com (dostęp: 26.05.2019).
 
48.
Treisman D. [2000], The causes of corruption: a cross-national study, Journal of Public Economics, 76: 399–457.
 
49.
Vinod H. D. [1999], Statistical analysis of corruption data and using the Internet to reduce corruption, Journal of Asian Economics, 10: 591–603.
 
50.
Wang L., Luo X., Jurkat M. P. [2020], Understanding Inconsistent Corruption Control through E-government Participation: Updated Evidence from a Cross-Country Investigation, Electron Commer Res.
 
51.
www.statista.pl, Share of adults in the United States who use the internet in 2018, by age group (dostęp: 18.09.2020).
 
52.
www.transparency.org (dostęp: 18.09.2020).
 
53.
 
54.
www.transparency.org, Trouble at the top why high scoring countries aren’t corruption free (dostęp: 18.09.2020).
 
55.
www.un.org (dostęp: 17.09.2020).
 
56.
Zhang, J., Zhang, Z. [2009]. Applying E-government information system for anti-corruption strategy, Proceedings of the 2009 International conference on management of e-Commerce and e-Government: 112–115.
 
eISSN:2300-5238
ISSN:0867-0005