The Area-Based Property Tax System and Its Fiscal and Social Functions: Evidence from Polish Municipalities
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Publication date: 2015-06-30
GNPJE 2015;277(3):133–158
The article evaluates the area-based property tax system in Poland in terms of its macroeconomic fiscal effectiveness and social function. The author analyzes what this tax system means to taxpayers and public finances. The author uses several research methods, including descriptive statistics, literature review, and legal analysis combined with a descriptive and comparative study of property tax systems. The article concludes that the Polish property tax system is in need of radical reform. According to the author, it is outdated and inflexible and does a poor job meeting its fiscal and non-fiscal objectives. Felis recommends that a new, more efficient property tax system be introduced, one that would help achieve the social objectives of municipalities, while being fair and acceptable for taxpayers. The best solution would be a system based on the value of property, Felis says. When building such a system, he adds, it is important to take into consideration municipality incomes and the relationship between national and local taxes.