Efficiency Determinants of Regional Innovation Systems in Polish Subregions
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Department of Econometrics, Faculty of Management, University of Gdańsk, Poland
Department of International Economics and Economic Development, Faculty of Economics, University of Gdańsk, Poland
Dorota Ciołek   

Department of Econometrics, Faculty of Management, University of Gdańsk, Poland
Submission date: 2021-11-17
Final revision date: 2022-01-28
Acceptance date: 2022-07-01
Publication date: 2022-09-30
GNPJE 2022;311(3):24–45
In the current knowledge-based economy paradigm, it is innovativeness that may enable lagging regions to be as competitive as more developed regions. The innovation and efficiency of regional innovation systems (RISs) are crucial for enhancing economic development. Using data envelopment analysis (DEA) with environmental factors, we conducted an assessment of the efficiency of RISs in Polish subregions. On this basis, a list was drawn up of efficient subregions with strong innovation as well as efficient regions with weak innovation. The results confirm that, in most cases, Polish subregions are not using their full potential. While estimating the panel model, RIS features that influenced efficiency were identified, and the positive impact of the innovative milieu, spatial proximity and the share of industry in value added were confirmed. The negative impact of unemployment and factors reflecting the low level of social capital were identified. The obtained results may be the basis for formulating an appropriate innovation policy at the regional level, especially in Central and Eastern European countries. We suggest that the use of the identified patterns, in combination with the individual characteristics of particular regions, may contribute to an improvement in both technological effectiveness and productivity, particularly in weaker regions.
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