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RESEARCH PAPER
Balance Sheet Theory During COVID-19: The Relationship Between Cash Flow and Investment in Polish Listed Companies
 
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Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Marian Nehrebecki   

Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, Poland
Submission date: 2021-08-26
Final revision date: 2022-03-21
Acceptance date: 2022-09-21
Publication date: 2022-12-30
 
GNPJE 2022;312(4):74–88
 
KEYWORDS
JEL CLASSIFICATION CODES
ABSTRACT
The aim of this paper is to verify the theory of the balance sheet channel among Polish listed companies, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic period. This objective was achieved by examining the relationship between cash flow and investment, based on an Emerging Markets Information Services (EMIS) database covering companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, including the bourse’s alternative NewConnect market, and using panel econometric models (pooled OLS, Fixed Effect Model, Random Effect Model and Panel VAR). It has been established that there are no grounds to reject the hypotheses that investment is positively associated with the cash flow of Polish listed companies and that the relationship between investment and cash flow is particularly strong for financially constrained companies. This means that there is evidence in support of the balance sheet channel theories. The hypothesis that the relationship between cash flow and investment is especially strong for financially constrained companies during the COVID-19‑induced recession has been rejected. The main novelty of the paper is that the balance sheet channel theory was verified for Polish listed companies, with a particular emphasis on the COVID-19 pandemic period.
 
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